2nd Day

Practice of saying first Kalimah.

Recitals of Salah: At-Tahiyyat, Surah-tul-Fatihah, and 3 small verses

Rak’aat of Salah, conditions and Faraid of Salah, and things which invalidate Salah

Sunnahs and etiquettes of Salam, shaking hands, and hugging


Telling the truth


Sayyiduna Muhammad is the true and final Prophet

Madani Qa’dah / recitals of Salah

Kalimah Tayyibah

The first Kalimah is known as Tayyib. The meaning of Tayyib is ‘pure’.

لَا ٓاِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ اللّٰهِ ط

Translation: There is none worthy of worship except Allah, Sayyiduna Muhammad صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is the Messenger of Allah.

Surah Al-Fatihah

اَلۡحَمۡدُ  لِلّٰہِ   رَبِّ  الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ   ۙ﴿۱﴾    الرَّحۡمٰنِ  الرَّحِیۡمِ    ۙ﴿۲﴾     مٰلِکِ  یَوۡ مِ  الدِّیۡنِ    ؕ﴿۳﴾     اِیَّاکَ  نَعۡبُدُ     وَ اِیَّاکَ  نَسۡتَعِیۡنُ  ؕ﴿۴﴾   اِہۡدِ نَا  الصِّرَاطَ الۡمُسۡتَقِیۡمَ   ۙ﴿۵﴾   صِرَاطَ   الَّذِیۡنَ   اَنۡعَمۡتَ   عَلَیۡہِمۡ     ۙ۬    غَیۡرِ   الۡمَغۡضُوۡبِ  عَلَیۡہِمۡ     وَ لَا  الضَّآ لِّیۡنَ    ٪﴿۷﴾   

Surah Al-Ikhlas

بِسۡمِ   اللّٰہِ   الرَّحۡمٰنِ  الرَّحِیۡـمِ

قُـلۡ  ہُوَ    اللّٰہُ   اَحَدٌ  ۚ﴿۱﴾     اَللّٰہُ     الصَّمَدُ     ۚ﴿۲﴾    لَمۡ      یَـلِدۡ   ۬ۙ     وَ لَمۡ     یُوۡلَدۡ    ۙ﴿۳﴾    وَ   لَمۡ     یَکُنۡ           لَّہٗ      کُفُوًا     اَحَدٌ     ٪﴿۴﴾


اَلتَّحِيَّاتُ   لِلّٰهِ  وَالصَّلَوٰتُ  وَ الطَّيِّبٰتُ  ط   اَلسَّلَامُ  عَلَيْكَ   اَيُّهَا  النَّبِیُّ  وَ رَحْمَةُ   اللّٰهِ        وَ بَرَكَاتُهٗ   ط  اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا  وَعَلٰی  عِبَادِ   اللّٰهِ  الصّٰلِحِيْنَ ط  اَشْهَدُ  اَنْ   لَّاۤ   اِلٰـهَ   اِلَّا   اللّٰهُ  وَ اَشْهَدُ  اَنَّ   مُحَمَّدًا  عَبْدُهٗ   وَ رَسُوْلُهٗ  ﴿ؕ﴾


The number of Rak’aat for each Salah

The Fard, Wajib, Sunnah Mu’akkadah, Sunnah Ghayr Mu’akkadah, and Nafl Rak’aat for the five daily Salahs:


Salah name

Fard Rak’aat












































3 (Witr)



(Taken from Hamara Islam, pg. 26-27)

Remember! Fard and Wajib are the most important Salahs; if you leave them, you will be sinful. It is also necessary to perform Sunnah Mu’akkadah Salahs.

The conditions of Salah

The Merciful Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘Whoever performed Wudu as it has been commanded to be performed, and then performed Salah as it has been commanded to be performed, then whatever has passed before will be forgiven.’ (Nasa’i, Kitab-ut-Taharah, pp. 32, Hadees 144)

Note: Before performing any Salah, the following 6 things must be complete; otherwise Salah will not even begin. 






(1) The body and (2) the clothes of the person performing Salah, and (3) the place of performing Salah, must be pure from impurity.


Covering the private area

For a male, the area from below the navel up to and including the knees must be covered. For a woman, the entire body must be covered, except the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, and the face. (If a woman’s hands up to the wrists and feet up to the ankles are uncovered, Salah is still valid).


Facing the Qiblah

Standing with the chest towards the Holy Ka’bah whilst in Salah.



It must be the time of whichever Salah is to be performed. If it is performed before its time, it will not be valid, and must be repeated in its time. Completing Salah tul Fajr within its time is also necessary. Purposefully allowing the time of Salah to expire without performing it is a severe sin.



Intention is defined as the firm intent of the heart. Before performing any Salah, it is necessary to make the firm intention of that Salah in the heart. It is better to express the intention verbally, for example by saying, ‘I intend to perform the 2 Fard Rak’aat of Fajr.’


Takbeer Tahrimah

i.e. Beginning Salah, we will begin Salah by saying اَللہُ اَکْبَر‘‘

(Taken from Hamarah Islam, pg. 67, 124, 126, 127, 131)

Faraid of Salah

The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘Whoever performs 2 Rak’aat of Salah and does not make any mistake in them, Allah will forgive all his prior minor sins.’ (Musnad Ahmad, Musnad-ul-Ansaar, vol. 8, pp. 162, Hadees 21749)

Note: It is necessary to do these 7 things during Salah; otherwise the Salah will not be valid





Takbeer Tahrimah

i.e. Beginning Salah, we will begin Salah by saying ’’اَللہُ اَکْبَر‘‘ (Takbeer Tahrimah is actually a condition for Salah, but since it is connected with it, it is also regarded as a Fard of Salah).



Standing up fully straight for Qira’at, or at least standing up in such a way that if the hands were stretched, they would not reach the knees.



Reciting the amount of Quran that is necessary. Surah-tul-Fatihah will be recited in full, followed by three short Ayahs, or one long Ayah that is equal to three long ones, or one short Surah. (Qira’at is not Fard in the third and fourth Rak’at of every Fard Salah).



Bowing to at least such an extent that if the hands are stretched, they reach the knees.



Pressing the forehead firmly into the ground. The hands and feet will also touch the ground and the nose in the middle of the bone, and the underside of three toes of each foot will as well.  2 Sajdahs are Fard for every Rak`ah.


Qa’dah Akhirah

Sitting for At-Tahiyyat after completion of all Rak’aat of Salah.


Khuruj bi Sun`ihi

Completing Salah with the word ‘Salaam’.

(Taken from Hamarah Islam, pg. 133. 134, 136, 137, 138)

Things which invalidate Salah

The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘Nothing at all from the speech of people is correct in Salah. Salah is just Tasbeeh, Takbeer, and recitation of the Quran.’ (Muslim, Kitab-ul-Masajid, pg. 215, Hadees 1199)

Things which invalidate Salah

C Talking C Giving Salaam C Replying to Salaam C Saying ‘Aah’, Ooh’, ‘Uff’, etc. due to pain C Reciting the Quran by looking C Amal Kaseer, i.e. any doing such an action in Salah which would lead anyone watching to think you are not in Salah (such actions usually invalidate Salah) C Eating or drinking anything that was not in the mouth before starting Salah C Walking 3 steps C Laughing out loud such that the sound reaches those around you C Itching 3 times in one Rukn (such as Qiyam, Ruku etc.) C Stretching the Alif of ’’اَللہُ اَکْبَر‘‘ i.e. saying ’’ آللہُ ‘‘, or adding an Alif after the Baa of ’’اَکْبَر‘‘ i.e. saying ’’اَکْبَار‘‘C Making such a mistake in reciting the Quran or recitals of Salah that causes a distortion in the meaning, for example, in ’’سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّیَ الْعَظِیْم‘‘saying ’’عَزِیْم‘‘ in place of ’’عَظِیْم‘‘. (Taken from Hamara Islam, pg. 215-216)

Beautiful Teachings of Islam

Dear Islamic brothers! In every country of the world, in every religion, and every nation, certain specific words are spoken at the time of meeting one another. Before the advent of Islam, the Arabs would say ’’حَیَّاکَ اللہُ (meaning, may Allah keep you alive) when meeting each other. Similarly, when meeting a king, they would say ’’اَنْعَمَ صَبَاحًا‘‘ (meaning, may Allah make your morning pleasant). People belonging to various religions greet each other in different ways; some place their hands on their mouth, some gesture to one another with their fingers, some bow, and some raise their index finger. Even today, various different types of words are spoken when people meet each other and numerous traditions are acted upon. Like other religions, Allah’s most loved religion, Islam, also has some specific words that are spoken when meeting. When a Muslim meets another Muslim, he says’’اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَیْکُمْ وَرَحْمَۃُ اللہِ وَ بَرَکَاتُہ‘‘ (meaning, May Allah grant you peace, mercy and blessings) and he is encouraged to make the following intention when giving Salam, ‘Your life, wealth and honour are all protected. I will not cause you any type of harm.’


The Salam of Islam is the most beautiful greeting

If we reflect, we will realise that the Islamic Salam is more beautiful that all other types of greeting due to 3 reasons, 

  1. There is no specific understandable meaning or purpose in placing the hands on the mouth, gesturing to one another with the fingers, bowing, or raising their index finger; whereas, in the Islamic Salam, there is a specific intention and an extremely beautiful supplication. 
  2. Giving the supplication of life or the morning or evening being pleasant includes only the supplication for a long life, or for a good morning or evening. However, the Islamic Salam contains a supplication for peace, mercy, and blessings, which is better than them all, because it is possible that someone gets a long life but it is filled with hardships. Similarly, it is possible that the morning or the evening is apparently good and filled with happiness, but it may be empty of mercy and blessings due to the disobedience of Allah Almighty. Similarly, in those there is no supplication for a person after he leaves this world, however in the Islamic Salam, the supplication of peace, mercy and blessings means ‘in this world, at the time of death, in the grave, and in the Hereafter at every place, may you remain at peace from difficulties, calamities, misfortunes, and punishments, may you remain under the shade of Allah’s Mercy, and may there be increased blessings in that peace and mercy. 
  3. If a person promises someone that he will give them some benefit, it is possible that he becomes successful in giving that benefit, but it is also possible that he does not succeed, because time does not stay the same, and a person’s situation can deteriorate. However, when a person makes a promise not to harm someone, then to a great extent it remains possible for him to fulfil his promise, because he does not have to do anything to avoid causing harm. Being in a good or bad condition will not become an obstacle in fulfilling that promise, and this is the very intention that is made in the Islamic Salam, that ‘I will not cause harm to your life, wealth, and honour, etc.’ This is why the Islamic Salam is better than all other ways of greeting. (Taken from Tafseer Kabeer, vol. 4, pp. 161-163, Tafseer Na’eemi, vol. 5, pp. 274)

Sunnahs and etiquettes of giving Salaam, shaking hands, and hugging

When meeting a Muslim, say ’’اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَیْکُمْ وَرَحْمَۃُ اللہِ وَ بَرَکَاتُہ‘‘. The other Muslim should say in reply, ’’وَعَلَیْکُمُ السَّلَام وَرَحْمَۃُ اللہِ وَ بَرَکَاتُہ‘‘. By doing this, both will gain 30 good deeds. First Salaam should be given, and then any other conversation should be begun. The younger one should give Salaam to the elder one, the one walking should give Salam to the one sitting, and lesser people should give Salaam to more people. If a Muslim gives Salaam when meeting, replying to it is Wajib. Do not give Salaam to the one who is occupied in giving Dars, teaching, or learning. Do not give Salaam to someone who is in the lavatory or the shower room. Shaking hands when meeting is also Sunnah. When shaking hands, make sure the hands of both people touch each other without there being anything in between. Shake hands with both hands. However, many times you meet, shaking hands every time is a rewardable action. It is also a rewardable action to kiss the hands of one’s father, a scholar of Islam, a spiritual guide, or any honourable Islamic personality when shaking their hands. Hugging on occasions of happiness is Sunnah (do not hug young boys). It is permissible to hug on Eid. (Taken from Sunnatayn aur Aadaab, pp. 22-28)

It is permissible for a Muslim woman to give Salaam to another Muslim woman, to her father, her brother, her grandfather and her husband. 

Likewise, it is permissible for a son to give Salaam to his mother, for a brother to give Salaam to his sister, and for a husband to give Salam to his wife. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 22, pp. 410)

If an unrelated woman (from whom veiling is necessary) gives Salam to a man, and she is old, then he should reply so that she can hear, but if she is young, then he should give Salam in such a way that she does not hear it. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 3, pp. 461)

It is not permissible to shake the hands of a woman from whom veiling is necessary. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 3, pp. 446)

The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم did not shake hands with women. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 3, pp. 446, summarised)

It is permissible for women to shake each other’s hands. (Jannati Zaywar, pp. 99, edited)

Women can hug other women as long as there is no temptation. (Mirat-ul-Manajeeh, vol. 6, pp. 354)


The harms of swearing

The definition of swearing

Swearing is defined as saying anything that damages the honour of another person. (Taken from Umdat-ul-Qaari, Kitab-ul-Iman, vol. 1, pp. 433, under Hadees number 48)

Saying of Allah Almighty

Translation of Kanz ul Iman: Allah does not like the public utterance of evil talk except by the oppressed, and Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (Part 6, Surah An-Nisa, Ayah 148)

One meaning of this Ayah mentioned by the scholars is that ‘the public utterance of evil talk’ refers to swearing i.e. Allah does not like for someone to swear at someone. (Sirat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 2, pp. 339)

Two Ahadees about swearing

  1. The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. Neither does he oppress him, nor does he swear at him.’ (Sharh-us-Sunnah, Kitab-ul-Birr was Silah, vol.  6, pp. 489, Hadees 3412)
  2. On one occasion, he said, ‘Swearing at a Muslim is Fisq (i.e. an act of disobeying Allah and His Messenger). (Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Fitan, vol. 4, pp. 434, Hadees 7076)

Examples of swearing

Calling someone else a dog, a pig, or a donkey, are all words that are classified as swearing. (Mirat-ul-Manajeeh, vol. 5, pp. 326, edited)

The ruling on swearing

To swear at a Muslim without a Shar`i reason is strictly Haraam and a sin. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 6, pp. 538, abridged)

The harms of Swearing

Dear Islamic brothers! Swearing contains all types of worldly and religious harms for a person. Swearing is Haraam and is an act of disobedience to Allah and His Messenger. A person who swears is never considered a true Muslim and a good citizen. Swearing is in actual fact oppressing one’s own Muslim brother. Swearing destroys the peace and harmony of society and increases fights and arguments. Swearing causes enmities to increase and at times it can even lead to murder. Swearing can lead to friends and even blood relatives becoming distant. Due to swearing, a person also falls prey to major sins like lying, backbiting, slandering, and hurting the feelings of others. Swearing causes the honour and compassion of a Muslim to cease. Swearing obliterates the talents of a person and distances him from progress. Swearing ends one’s own honour as well as the sympathy of other people. Initially, swearing makes a person’s tongue filthy, and afterwards his entire being begins to be considered filthy. The person who swears is not remembered with good words even after his death. 

How to get rid of the habit of swearing

Control your anger and seek a cure for it. Abandon the company of bad friends and adopt the company of the devotees of the Prophet. Gain knowledge of Islam, and keep the worldly and religious harms of anger in mind. Develop the fear of Allah in yourself, and to achieve this, study the stories of the pious predecessors. Adopt the habit of speaking less, because the speaking uselessly can sometimes lead to swearing. Develop the passion to respect Muslims, and treat Muslims with goodness and sympathy as much as possible. If someone provokes you, or fights or argues with you, be patient instead of getting angry. Make a routine of reciting more Durood, اِنْ شَــآءَالـلّٰـه your tongue and heart will be blessed with the pleasant freshness. 

Note: In order to refrain from swearing, and to develop the mindset of protecting your tongue, reading the following books of Maktaba-tul-Madinah: Silent Prince, Sweet Words, Ayk Chup Sau Sukh (Urdu), and Jannat Ki Do Chabiyan (Urdu).


The harms of Backbiting

The definition of Backbiting

Saying something about someone who is not present that he would dislike if he heard it or found out about it. (Gheebat Ki Tabah kariyan, pp. 438, summarised) Backbiting is strictly Haram and a major sin. Also remember that is will be classified as backbiting if the mentioned point is actually found in that person; if it isn’t, then it is slandering, which is an even more severe sin than backbiting. 

Saying of Allah

Translation of Kanz-ul-Iman: Do not backbite one another; would any one amongst you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? So, you will not tolerate this. (Part 26, Surah Al-Hujuraat, Ayah 12)

Scholars say, ‘Backbiting a fellow Muslim brother should not be liked by you, because speaking ill of a Muslim behind his back is like eating his flesh after his death, since just as a person feels pain when his flesh is cut, his heart is also pained when he is spoken ill of. (Sirat-ul-Jinan, vol. 9, pp. 439, summarised)

Two Ahadees about backbiting

  1. The Final Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم once asked his Companions, ‘What is backbiting?’ They replied, ‘Allah Almighty and His Messenger know best.’ The Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم then said, ‘Mentioning your brother in such a way that he would dislike is backbiting.’ Someone said, ‘What if that negative thing is actually found within him?’ The Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘If that negative thing is actually found within him, then that is when it is backbiting. If the negative thing is not found within him, then it is slandering (false accusation, which is an ever more severe sin than backbiting). (Muslim, Kitab-ul-Birr was Silah, pp. 1071, Hadees 6593)
  2. Once the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘On the night of Mi’raj, I passed by a group of people who were scratching their faces and chest with nails of copper. I asked, ‘O Jibraeel! Who are these people?’ He said, ‘They used to eat the flesh of people (i.e. they used to backbite) and they used to destroy the honour of people.’ (Abu Dawood, Kitab-ul-Adab, vol. 4, pp. 353, Hadees 4878)

Some examples of backbiting

Saying the following to speak ill of someone: He sleeps a lot. He eats all the time. He talks a lot. His clothes smell. He is a deceiver. He consumes interest. He is lazy. He gets jealous of my progress. He doesn’t perform Salah. He is very short-tempered. He torments his family members. He stays outside till late at night. He doesn’t do any chores at home at all. He can’t keep anything to himself. He belongs to a lowly family. 

Remember! With the intention of rectifying, telling someone’s fault to their elder in private is not a sin. There can be other situations like this as well.

Why do people backbite?

Sayyiduna Isa Ruhullah عَـلٰى نَبِـيِّـنَا وَ عَـلَيْـهِ الـصَّلٰوة ُ وَالـسَّلَام was once travelling somewhere. On the way, he saw Satan carrying honey in one of his hands and ash in the other. He asked, O enemy of Allah! What purpose does this honey and ash serve you?’ He replied, I put the honey on the lips of the backbiter so he may further indulge in it, and ash on the faces of the orphans so that people despise them.’ 

(Mukashafat-ul-Quloob, pp. 66)

Sixteen things which lead towards backbiting

Dear Islamic brothers! Countless factors cause people to fall in the disease of backbiting. Here are sixteen such causes: C Anger C Hatred & malice C Jealousy C The unjustified spirit of supporting a close friend C The habit of excessive talking C The habit of sarcasm C The habit of joking around C The habit of complaining C The habit of unleashing pent up emotions C Household quarrels C Arrogance C Paranoia C Being unnecessary critical C Being unaware of the worldly and religious harms of backbiting C Family feuds C Lack of the fear of Allah.

 (Backbiting: A cancer in our society, pg. 212, summarised) 

Some cures to refrain from backbiting 

Supplicate to Allah Almighty that He protects you from committing and listening to backbiting. Adopt the company of devotees of the Prophet who are solemn and adherent to the Sunnah. Give up personal friendships. Make the mindset that if someone was to backbite me, I would be pained by it, so likewise, if I backbite someone else, they too would be pained by it, and a good Muslim is the one who likes for others what he likes for himself, so when I like for no-one to backbite me, then I should also like for others that they are not caused pain because of me. Instead of venting when angry, be patient. Scare yourself with the punishments of backbiting. Speak only necessarily and refrain from useless talking. If you feel like backbiting someone, focus on your own faults and shortcomings and start worrying about your own rectification. (Backbiting: A cancer in our society, pg. 220-243, summarised)

Note: To learn more about backbiting, study the book ‘Backbiting: A cancer in our society’ published by Maktaba-tul-Madinah. 


Telling the truth

The definition of truthfulness

Saying something that is in accordance with reality i.e. telling it like it happened, is defined as truthfulness. (Taken from at-Ta’rifaat Lil-Jurjani, pp. 95)

The Ayah of the Quran about truthfulness

Translation of Kanz-ul-Iman: ‘Allah said, ‘This (Qiyamah) is a Day on which the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness; for them are Gardens beneath which rivers flow, in which they will abide forever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Allah.” This is the greatest success.’ (Part 7, Surah Al-Maidah, Ayah 119)

This Ayah means that for those who spoke the truth in the world, their truthfulness will be of use to them and will benefit them on the day of Judgement, because the place of action is the world, and the Day of receiving the reward is the Hereafter. (Sirat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 3, pp. 61, summarised)

A Hadees about truthfulness

The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘Hold fast to truthfulness, because truthfulness leads to piety, and piety leads to Paradise. A person continuously speaks the truth, and continuously strives to be truthful, to the extent that he is written as ‘Siddiq’ (i.e. abundantly truthful) in the Majestic Court of Allah Almighty.’ 

(Muslim, Kitab-ul-Birr was-Silah, pp. 1078, Hadees 6639)

Some Madani pearls for developing the habit of telling the truth

Read the virtues of truthfulness and the words of the pious predecessors which are full of good counsel. Keep the benefits of truthfulness in this world and in the Hereafter in mind. Likewise, keep the harms of lying in mind and scare yourself with its punishments. Do not care about being shouted at or being humiliated if you tell the truth, because humiliation in the world is far less than humiliation in the Hereafter. Develop the fear of Allah in your heart, because the one who fears Allah always speaks the truth. (Najaat dilanay walay A’maal ki ma’lumaat, pp. 229-232)

Note: To learn more about truthfulness, study the book Najaat dilanay walay A’maal ki Ma’lumaat’ pages 227-233 published by Maktaba-tul-Madinah. 


The favours of Allah

Dear Islamic brothers! Countless blessings of our beloved Lord Allah Almighty are showering down so rapidly upon the entire universe at every moment. If we just reflect upon one morsel of our food, we will come to realise that in this one morsel, which seems like it is one blessing; Allah Almighty has actually placed heaps and heaps of blessings in this one blessing. Hence, a morsel is usually a combination of two things; (1) bread (2) curry. Bread is made from flour, and curry is made of vegetables and meat. The animals whose meat is used in the curry are nourished on grass and other fodder, and vegetables and grass grow in the earth. Winds, clouds, rains, rivers, and seas are all necessary for the production of vegetables and grains. Evaporation occurs from the seas, and clouds are formed from which rain showers down. Fields are irrigated by the rains leading to the crops growing and being ready for harvest. Crops are then harvested and heavy machines are used to separate the wheat from the chaff. Wheat is then taken to flour mills in vehicles so that it can be ground. Machines made of metal are used to grind the wheat. Meanwhile, utensils are necessary to cook the curry, and fuel is used to cook the food. Coal, natural gas, and oil that come from the earth, as well as trees from forests are used to attain fuel. In this way, food is prepared using all of these things, and one morsel is made. Then, for our mouth to be able to taste the food, Allah created a tongue in it. To begin digestion of the morsel, He created a certain type of secretion (i.e. saliva), and He gave us teeth so that we can chew the morsel. However, it doesn’t stop there! After the morsel has been swallowed by the throat, the overt conscious actions of the person may be over, but now the task of various organs begins. The stomach grinds the morsel, the liver makes blood from it, and there is a process of removing excess parts. The eyes, nose, ears, hands, and feet all benefit from that morsel. From that morsel, fat, flesh, and bones are made. In this way, in the shade of all of these abundant blessings, a person doesn’t just stay alive; rather, he lives his life attaining even more blessings in this blessing-filled world. (Taken from Shukr kay Faza’il, pp. 8-10)

Indeed, Allah Almighty has spoken the truth in the Quran when He said: (Translation of Kanz-ul-Iman:) And if you count the favours of Allah, you will never be able to count them. Indeed, Allah is Most Forgiving, Every Merciful. (Part 14, Surah An-Nahl, Ayah 18)

If only we would become thankful slaves of Allah, remaining steadfast on His religion and spending our lives in obedience to Him. 

The greatness of my Prophet

The beloved uncle of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, Sayyiduna Abbas once said to the Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, ‘O Messenger of Allah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, it was the signs of your Prophethood that invited me to enter into your religion. I saw that (in your blessed childhood) you were in your cradle talking to the moon and gesturing to it with your blessed finger. The moon would move following whichever direction you gestured to it with your blessed finger.’ The Illuminated Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘I would talk to the moon and the moon would talk to me. It would comfort me from crying, and when it would prostrate under the Throne of Allah, I would hear the sound of its Tasbeeh.’ (Al-Khasa’is-ul-Kubra, vol. 1, pp. 91)

چاند جُھک جاتا جدھر اُنگلی اٹھاتے مَہْد میں

کیا ہی چلتا تھا اِشاروں پر کھلونا نُور کا

Dear Islamic brothers! You just heard that Allah Almighty granted so much power to our Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم that in his blessed childhood he would move the moon wherever he wanted just by gesturing to it with his blessed finger. After announcing that he was a Prophet, at the age of approximately 48, the non-believers of Makkah demanded that he صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم split the moon into two, upon which he صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم showed them the splitting of the moon into two by gesturing to it with his blessed finger. (Madarij-un-Nubuwwah, vol. 1, pp. 181)

چاند اِشارے کا ہِلا،حکم کا باندھا سُورج

واہ! کیا بات شَہا! تیری توانائی کی

صَلُّوۡا عَلَى الۡحَبِيۡب            صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

Today’s topic: Fundamental Islamic beliefs about the Final Prophet Muhammad

He was the first to be given the honour of being a Prophet by Allah Almighty, although the first to be sent into the world was Sayyiduna Adam عَـلٰى نَبِـيِّـنَا وَ عَـلَيْـهِ الـصَّلٰوة ُ وَالـسَّلَام. He is the Prophet of all human beings, all Jinns, and all of creation. He conveyed all the rulings (religious information) to the Ummah that Allah commanded him to convey. He is infallible i.e. it is impossible for any sin to occur from him. He is pure from every negative attribute that people despise. Allah Almighty revealed the Noble Quran to him. Allah granted him knowledge of the unseen i.e. every atom in the heavens and the earth is apparent for him. Respecting him is an essential Fard (obligation), in fact it is the most fundamental obligation of our religion. He is more virtuous than everything and everyone else that Allah has created. He is the leader of all of Allah’s Prophets. He is alive in his blessed resting place just as he was alive in the world. He eats and drinks, and comes and goes. He is a mercy for all of the worlds and he is exceptionally kind to the believers. He is the Final Prophet of Allah. No other Prophet came in his lifetime, and no new Prophet can come after him until the Day of Judgement. However, Sayyiduna Isa, who is a true Prophet of Allah and is alive in the heavens, will return, although he will not teach the teachings of the blessed Injeel; rather, he will spread the teachings of the Quran. All the excellences that Allah gave to the rest of creation were given to him, in fact, they were increased for him. Allah gave him authority in all rulings of Shari’ah. Allah made him Mukhtar e Kull i.e. Allah have him authority over everything such that he can give whatever he wants to whoever he wants, and he can issue whatever ruling he wants to whoever he wants. There has never been anyone like him, there is no one like him, and there will never be anyone like him. It is not possible for anyone to be like him. Allah granted him the rank of Mahbubiyyat-e-Kubra (i.e. being the greatest Beloved of Allah). Allah took him on Mi’raj in a small part of the night i.e. firstly from Makkah to Bayt-ul-Muqaddas (Jerusalem), and then on a journey through the seven heavens, after which Allah granted him the honour of seeing Allah and speaking to Him. Allah has granted him the status of Shafa’at-e-Kubra, such that no one will be able to intercede for anyone until he intercedes on the Day of Judgement. Iman (faith) is dependent on loving him. Accepting his command is in actual fact accepting Allah’s command. Respecting him after he has left the world is just as necessary as it was during his apparent life. Looking at any of his words, actions, or states etc. with a negative view is Kufr (disbelief). Such a person becomes a Kafir (disbeliever). (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 29-85, part 1, summarised)